House of Thomaz-Rocha

From Empire of Karnia-Ruthenia
House of Thomaz-Rocha
Maison Thomaz et de la Roche
House of Thomaz-Rocha coat of arms
Country Duchy of Athens
Principality of Achaea
Duchy of Burgundy
Kingdom of France
Kingdom of Portugal
Empire of Brazil
Karnia-Ruthenia
Occidia
Ancestral houseMac Thomaz (agnatic)
de la Roche (cognatic)
TitlesArchduke of Karnia
Duke of Athens
Duke of Mainarque
Duke of Montfort
Lord and Regent of Beirut
Prince of Ruthenia
Count of Burnay
Count Vincefort
Count of Rochen
Baron of Veligosti and Damala
FounderTomaidh Mòr (16th century)
Pons de la Roche (12th century)
Current headHIRH Archduke Ari of Karnia
Founding12th century
Cadet branchesGötzö-Thomaz-Rocha
Rocha-Castro
EthnicityFrench, Scottish

The House of Thomaz-Rocha (Portuguese: Casa de Thomaz-Rocha, French: Maison de Thomaz et de la Roche) is a noble family, macronationally connected to the Duchy of Athens and other crusader states, and micronationally connected to Karnia-Ruthenia and the Occidian Empire. The Thomaz branch have their origin in Scotland, while the de la Roche are a French family from Franche-Comtés.

Oscar I, an agnate of this family from the Götzö-Thomaz-Rocha branch, became a well-known micronationalist and raise this family to proeminence again within micronational circles, also founding the ruling branch of Karno-Ruthenian and Occidian monarchies.

History[edit | edit source]

"Charles I with M. de St Antoine", by Anthony van Dyck.

Mc Thomaz[edit | edit source]

The Scottish family was first mentioned in a roll of the clans, in the Acts of Parliament of 1587 and 1595[1] and seems to have their origin in Badenoch, Scotland. It is also known that in the 17th century, during the Scottish Civil War, the family supported Charles I. After the Restoration of 1660, the family was fined heavily by Parliament on attempt to recover some lands, whicd led the family to a serious financial problem. They were forced to sell the lands and moved south to the Tay Valley.

Now Roman Catholics, the family left for the continent during the events of the English Reformation and to America during the first half of 19th century. First in United States, they left for unknown reasons to Brazil, where their descendants live until today.

De la Roche[edit | edit source]

"Count Baudouin IX of Flanders coronated Latin Emperor", by Louis Galait.

The first mention of the family dates from 12th century, by the event of the Fourth Crusade. The chronicler Alberic of Trois-Fontaines writes that Othon, Monssu and an unnamed son were the children of Pons of La Roche, from the Duchy of Burgundy[2][3] The most famous of the children of Pons de la Roche, Othon, confirmed his forefathers' donations to the Charlieu Abbey in 1195.[4] He was with the Fourth Crusade on its arrival before the walls of Constantinople in 1203.[2] At that time, he was a member of the "sixth division" of the crusading army, which "was formed by the people of Burgundy",[5] according to the chronicler Geoffrey of Villehardouin.[2] The crusaders captured Constantinople on 12 April 1204.[6] They started the conquest of the Byzantine Empire under the command of Baldwin IX of Flanders who was elected the first Latin Emperor of Constantinople on 9 May of that year.[7]

The distribution of the conquered lands gave rise to conflicts among the commanders of the crusaders[8], but Othon, as stated by Villehardouin[8], was one of the four "chief counsellors"[9] of Boniface of Montferrat during the discussions.[8] An agreement on the distribution of the Byzantine Empire was reached in October 1204[10][11][10] and to Othon de la Roche, was given Athens[12]. It is possible that Othon also received Thebes from Boniface,[13] although Jean Longnon has argued that Boniface granted Thebes to Albertino after the conquest.[12][14]

"Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa", by Francisco de Paula Van Halen.

Monssu de la Roche, the youngest son of Pons de la Roche, joined the Crusader efforts, and some years later, when the Popes called the knights of Europe to join the effort to destroy the Muslim states of the Iberian Peninsula, he fought along the Portuguese forces. After the so-called Battle of Alarcos, French, Navarrese, Castilian, Portuguese and Aragonese armies were united against the Muslim forces in the massive Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa. Monssu survived the battle and established himself in Portugal, where his descendants lived until the invasion of Portugal by the forces of Napoleón Bonaparte. They fled to Brazil where they live until today.

A branch of the family related to the Imperial House was recognized in December 2023 during the State visit by Oscar I to Pannonia, called Rocha-Castro branch, formed by the wedding of Maria Inês of Rocha, a maternal cousin of Archduke Ari and Charles of Alves-Castro, a far descendant of Ferdinand I of León, of the House of Jiménez. Although a non-dynastic branch, they are close of the Pannonian Monarchy.

Union of the families[edit | edit source]

Descendants of the two families finally met at 1938, with the wedding of Anton Thomaz and Judith Rocha - heirs of the Mac Thomaz and the De la Roche, respectively. They are the grandparents of Oscar I, now known as Archduke Anton and Archduchess Judith. Among their descendants, is Ari, first King of Ruthenia and current head of the house, Oscar I, Emperor of Karnia-Ruthenia and of Occidia and Guilherme Ítalo, King of Taslavia.

The second dynastic generation of the house married three times with cousins from the cognatic branch of the family - Archduke Pedro and Archduchess Anna, Archduchess Celia and Archduke Joseph Maximilian and Archduke Helio and Archduke Joseph Maximilian's younger sister, Archduchess Mary. The last couple are now the progenitors of the Taslavian branch of the House of Götzö-Thomaz-Rocha

Through the history of the Karno-Ruthenian Monarchy, the family held the now extinguished titles of Count Vincefort, Count of Rochen, Duke of Mainarque, Prince of Mainarque, Duke of Montfort and Prince of Montfort. Currently, they only have the titles prescribed by the House Law of the Karno-Ruthenian Imperial Family, that merged their claims to the House of Goëtzën.

Burials[edit | edit source]

Thomaz-Rocha Cemetery, 2020.

The burial places of the House are the cemetery used by the members of the house consecrated on 19th century in what is known today as the Duchy of Cieszpreg and Zallanta and a particular cemetery in Campinas, near Duchy of Oswiencin. The most recent entombment in the particular cemetery of the family took place on November 2020, with the death of Archduke Anton, while his wife, Archduchess Judith, was the first person to be buried at the family's vault near Oswiencin, followed by their eldest son, Archduke Francis and the first wife of Archduke Pedro, Archduchess Celia.

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Way, George and Squire, Romily. Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Longnon 1973, p. 61.
  3. Longnon 1973, pp. 64–65.
  4. Longnon 1978, pp. 215–16.
  5. Villehardouin 2007, p. 31.
  6. Lock 1995, p. 35.
  7. Lock 1995, pp. 43–44.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Setton 1976, p. 16.
  9. Villehardouin 2007, p. 64.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Longnon 1969, p. 235.
  11. Runciman 1989, p. 125.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Longnon 1969, p. 238.
  13. Fine 1994, p. 89.
  14. Lurier 1964, p. 9, follows Lognon.