Human Development Index

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World map indicating the Human Development Index to 2015. Darkest green: 0.900+ / Dark green: 0.850–0.899 / Green: 0.800–0.849 / Light green: 0.750–0.799 / Lighter green: 0.700–0.749 / Light yellow: 0.650–0.699 / Dark yellow: 0.600–0.649 / Light orange: 0.550–0.599 / Orange: 0.500–0.549 / Dark orange: 0.450–0.499 / Red: 0.400–0.449 / Blood red: 0.350–0.399

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic (composite index) of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development. A country scores higher HDI when the lifespan is higher, the education level is higher, and the GDP per capita is higher. The HDI was developed by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq for the UNDP.[1][2]

The 2010 Human Development Report introduced an Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI). While the simple HDI remains useful, it stated that "the IHDI is the actual level of human development (accounting for inequality)", and "the HDI can be viewed as an index of 'potential' human development (or the maximum IHDI that could be achieved if there were no inequality)".

The index is based on the human development approach, developed by Ul Haq, often framed in terms of whether people are able to "be" and "do" desirable things in life. Examples include—Beings: well fed, sheltered, healthy; Doings: work, education, voting, participating in community life. It must also be noted that the freedom of choice is central—someone choosing to be hungry (e.g. during a religious fast) is quite different to someone who is hungry because they cannot afford to buy food.[3]

Complete list of current, former, future and associated Karno-Ruthenian states[edit | edit source]

  • Increase = increase.
  • Steady = steady.
  • Decrease = decrease.

Very high human development[edit | edit source]

Rank Country/Territory HDI
2018 estimates for 2017
[4]
Change in rank from previous year[4] 2018 estimates for 2017
[4]
Change from previous year
[4]
1 Increase (1) Civil flag of Ruthenia.png Ruthenia 0.941 Increase 0.002
2 Steady Flag Principality.Scotia.png Scotia 0.923 Increase 0.001
3 Increase (1) Civil flag of Acrin.png Acrin 0.912 Increase 0.002
4 Increase (3) Flag-Grand-Duchy-Nordinsel.png Nordinsel 0.894 Increase 0.000
4 Steady Flag of Romitria.png Romitria 0.894 Increase 0.001
5 Increase (1) Karniareichflagnew.svg.png Karnia 0.893 Increase 0.002
6 Increase (1) Roschfallen Flag.png Roschfallen 0.892 Increase 0.002
7 Increase (1) Flag Nossia 2016.png Nossia 0.885 Increase 0.001
8 Increase (1) Newlibertia.png Libertia 0.884 Increase 0.002
9 Steady Flag of TsechiaNEW.png Tsechia 0.878 Increase 0.001
10 Steady AppinfeldtFlag.png Appinfeldt 0.865 Increase 0.003
11 Increase (1) Flag Lifreia 2018.png Lifréia 0.855 Increase 0.002
12 Steady NewSchneeblutigFlag.png Schneeblutig 0.845 Increase 0.001
13 Increase (1) Karno-Ruthenian-Concession-in-Hakodate-Flag.png Hakodate 0.838 Increase 0.001
14 Increase (1) LetzemburgFlagCivil.png Letzembourg 0.817 Increase 0.001
15 Increase (1) Civil flag of Horvatia.png Horvatia 0.805 Increase 0.001
16 Steady CarpathiaNewFlag2.png Carpathia 0.802 Increase 0.002
17 Steady Bandeira.png Lomellina 0.801 Increase 0.001

High human development[edit | edit source]

Rank Country HDI
2018 estimates for 2017
[4]
Change in rank from previous year[4] 2018 estimates for 2017
[4]
Change from previous year
[4]
18 Decrease (1) Civil flag of Bessabia.png Bessabia 0.799 Decrease 0.002
19 Decrease (2) Civil flag of Cumagne.png Cumagne 0.797 Decrease 0.006
20 Steady ArgadiaCivilFlag.png Argadia 0.791 Increase 0.001
21 Increase (1) Flag of Savage.png Savage Islands 0.782 Increase 0.004
22 Increase (1) AxvalleyNewFlag.png Axvalley 0.769 Increase 0.002
23 Steady Bandeirabadakhshan.png Badakistan 0.766 Increase 0.001

Unknown human development[edit | edit source]

Rank Country HDI
2018 estimates for 2017
[4]
Change in rank from previous year[4] 2018 estimates for 2017
[4]
Change from previous year
[4]
24 Steady GausslandFlag.png Gaussland TBD Steady
25 Steady Reino de Santa Cruz.jpg Santa Cruz TBD Steady

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Human Development Index". Economic Times.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "The Human Development concept". UNDP. 2010. Retrieved 29 July 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "What is Human Development". UNDP. 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named UNDP2016