Order of the Three Golden Fleeces
|Order of the Three Golden Fleeces|
Ordem dos Três Tosões de Ouro
|Insignia of a member of the Order|
|Awarded by the|
Rulers of the Imperial House
|Motto||Pretium Laborum Non Vile|
No Mean Reward for Labours
|Eligibility||At the three monarch's pleasure|
|Grand Masters||Emperor-King Oscar|
|Grades (w/ post-nominals)||Knight|
|Established||15 August 1809|
(created by Napoleón I)
01 December 2022
(reestablished by Oscar I)
|First induction||01 December 2022|
|Last induction||03 March 2023|
|Next (lower)||Order of the Edelweiss (in Karnia-Ruthenia)|
Order of the Eagle of Taslavia (in Taslavia)
Order of Pribina of Pannonia (in Pannonia)
|Related||Order of the Golden Fleece|
|Ribbon of the Order of the Three Golden Fleeces|
The Imperial Order of the Three Golden Fleeces is a Dynastic order founded in Persenburg by Emperor-King Oscar of Karnia-Ruthenia in 2022, to celebrate the Treaty of Mazza signed with King Ari of Pannonia and King Guilherme of Taslavia to establish the Goëtzër Monarchy.
The inspiration behind this order was the attempt made by Napoleón Bonaparte in 15 August 1809, and the Three Golden Fleece by now have multiple meanings - at its first creation by Napoleón I, it was made in view of Napoleonic sovereignty over Austria, Spain and Burgundy; before its Karno-Ruthenian restablishment existed three Order of the Golden Fleece - the Austrian, the Spanish and the Georgian and now, the triple meaning is that the order have three sovereigns: the Emperor of Karnia and the Kings of Pannonia and the King of Taslavia.
This honor, in particular, was never meant to be a national honor, but restricted to the Imperial Family. This order didn't appear at the national pantheon of orders until the Imperial and Royal Decree n. 243-2023 of 29 January 2023, that granted to the Order not only a statute, but also the most proeminent position along all the national orders of the Empire, being already the highest order in Taslavia and the only order in Pannonia.
History[edit | edit source]
Origins[edit | edit source]
The Order of the Golden Fleece was established on 10 January 1430, by Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy on the occasion of his wedding to Isabella of Portugal. It was restricted to a limited number of knights, initially 24 but increased to 30 in 1433, and 50 in 1516, plus the sovereign.
It received further privileges unusual to any order of knighthood: the sovereign undertook to consult the order before going to war; all disputes between the knights were to be settled by the order; at each chapter the deeds of each knight were held in review, and punishments and admonitions were dealt out to offenders, and to this the sovereign was expressly subject; the knights could claim as of right to be tried by their fellows on charges of rebellion, heresy and treason.
Charles V conferred on the order exclusive jurisdiction over all crimes committed by the knights; the arrest of the offender had to be by warrant signed by at least six knights, and during the process of charge and trial he remained not in prison but in the gentle custody of his fellow knights.
Austrian, Spanish and Georgian versions[edit | edit source]
The Distinguished Order of the Golden Fleece is a Catholic order of chivalry founded in Bruges by Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, in 1430, to celebrate his marriage to Isabella of Portugal, as mentioned earlier.
Today, two branches of the order exist, namely the Spanish and the Austrian Fleece; the current grand masters are Felipe VI, King of Spain and Karl von Habsburg, head of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine, respectively. The separation of the two existing branches took place as a result of the War of the Spanish Succession.
The Georgian Order of the Golden Fleece is an honor awarded by the government of Georgia. It was established in 1998 and comes next in rank to the Order of Saint Nicholas and is named after the mythical Golden Fleece, which was held in Colchis, in what is now Western Georgia.
Napoleonic creation[edit | edit source]
The Imperial Order of the Three Golden Fleeces was created by Napoleón Bonaparte on 15 August 1809. It was intended to be a military order that was meant to symbolize the union of Austria, Spain and France, although it was never actually awarded after disagreements with his brother, Joseph Bonaparte, then King of Spain and after the fiercely opposition of Francis I of Austria to the dissolution of the Austrian order. In France, Napoleón also encountered opposition from members of the Legion of Honor, fearing the devaluation of their decoration.
It was supposed to have three grades: Knight, Grand Knight and Commander and a number of designs were created, most notably by François Coudray and Martin-Guillaume Biennais, but none were produced. With the exception of princes, great dignitaries of the Empire, the president of the Senate, ministers and ministers of state, the Order was meant to awarded only in times of war to the most deserving soldiers. The Prince Imperial alone would have the right to the decoration at birth, while the Princes of the Blood, the Great Dignitaries, Ministers of State, the President of the Senate, direct descendants of the marshals who commanded the corps of the Grande Armée, captains, lieutenants or second lieutenants of each regiment having been part of the Grande Armée, non-commissioned officer or soldier of each of these regiments or other distinguished soldiers would have to fullfil some requirements. The Emperor would pronounce on these presentations at the meeting of the Grand Knights of the Order, which would take place each year, on 15 August, day when all promotions would be published.
The Order was officially dissolved and absorbed into the Order of the Legion of Honour on 27 September 1813 under orders of Napoleón himself. There were later reproductions ordered by Napoléon III, but it was also never granted.
Under the Goëtzër Monarchy[edit | edit source]
The Imperial Order of the Three Golden Fleeces was founded to be a family order, problably reserved to the members of the ruling dynasty in 2022, to celebrate the Treaty of Mazza signed by Emperor Oscar of Karnia-Ruthenia, King Ari of Pannonia and King Guilherme of Taslavia to establish the Goëtzër Monarchy.
Inspired by the creation of Napoleón Bonaparte and considering their dynastic claim to the Roman succesion, the current Three Golden Fleece represented the order three sovereigns: the Emperor of Karnia and the Kings of Pannonia and the King of Taslavia and the preponderance of the House of Götzö-Thomaz-Rocha over other micronational dynasties.
The first copies were ordered by Oscar I in January 2023. The first induction happened in Hofbau Palace on 03 March 2023, as part of the celebrations of the King of Pannonia. Wilhelm von und zu Hochbach was the first person outside the Imperial Family to receive the order. He received his letter patent on 15 May 2023, in the same opportunity that Grand Duke Travis of Westarctica was made Knight, becoming the first foreign Head of State to receive the Golden Fleeces.
Order[edit | edit source]
Originally, was considered to respect the tradition to accept new members of the order on 30 November, feast day of St. Andrew the Apostle, patron saint of Burgundy. However, in order to make it more informal and more relatable to the Grand Masters, it was finally decided that this order would be given only personally, to the micronationalists, especially monarchs, that would eventually met the Emperor of Karnia, the King of Pannonia or the King of Taslavia.
The Order is limited to 50 members, and includes the Grand Masters and the male members of the Dynasty. While the monarchs are known as the Grand Masters of the Order, the other members of the Order are titled simply as Knights. Knights of the order are entitled to be addressed with the style His Excellency in front of their name.
Grand Masters of the Order[edit | edit source]
2022 - current[edit | edit source]
- Oscar I, Emperor-King of Karnia-Ruthenia
- Ari I, King of Pannonia
- Guilherme I Ítalo, King of Taslavia
Kinghts of the Order[edit | edit source]
Below a list of the names of the living knights, in chronological order, followed in parentheses by the date of their induction into the order:
- Luitpold, Archduke of Karnia (2022)
- Olivier, Archduke of Karnia (2022)
- Johann Victor, Archduke of Karnia (2022)
- Pedro, Archduke of Karnia (2022)
- Alexander, Archduke of Karnia (2022)
- Danilo, Archduke of Karnia (2022)
- Maurice, Archduke of Karnia (2022)
- Anton Joseph, Archduke of Karnia (2022)
- Gustav, Archduke of Karnia (2022)
- August, Archduke of Karnia (2022)
- Joseph, Archduke of Karnia (2022)
- Otto, Archduke of Karnia (2022)
- Helio, Archduke of Karnia (2022)
- Ferdinand, Prince Polisei (2022)
- Louis, Hereditary Prince Polisei (2022)
- Maurice, Count Bezerra de Ponte de Lima (2022)
- Victor, Baron Zollorin (2022)
- Peter de Zollorin (2022)
- James, Count Barbosa Nuno de Cellanova (2022)
- Joseph Maximilian, Archduke of Karnia (2022)
- Wilhelm, Prince von und zu Hochbach-Kundarheim (2023)
- Travis, Grand Duke of Westarctica (2023)
Insignia[edit | edit source]
|Spanish branch||Austrian branch||Goëtzër branch|
|Spanish Neck Insignia||Austrian Neck Insignia||Goëtzër Neck Insignia|
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- ↑ Almanach impérial pour l'année 1810
- ↑ «Décrets Impériaux. En notre camp impérial de Schœnbrunn, le 15 août 1809. Napoléon par la grâce de Dieu et par les constitutions, empereur des Français, roi d'Italie, protecteur de la confédération du Rhin, etc. etc, Voulant donner à notre grande-armée une preuve toute particulière de notre satisfaction, Nous avons résolu de créer, comme nous créons par les présentes lettres-patentes, un ordre qui portera le nom, d'ordre de Trois Toisons d'Or.»
- ↑ Gibbons, Rachel (2013). Exploring history 1400–1900: An anthology of primary sources. Manchester University Press. p. 65. ISBN 9781847792587. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
- ↑ "Origins of the Golden Fleece". Antiquesatoz.com. September 8, 1953. Retrieved May 3, 2012.
- ↑ Vellus aureum Burgundo-Austriacum sive Augusti et ordinis torquatorum aurei velleris equitum ... relatio historiaca. Ed.I., Antonius Kaschutnig, Paulus-Antonius Gundl
- ↑ Weatherly, Cecil (1911). "Knighthood and Chivalry". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 851–867.
- ↑ Covert, Glen (15 May 2008). The Habsburg Most Illustrious Order of the Golden Fleece: Its potential relevance on modern culture in the European Union. Ljubljana, Slovenia: The Historical Seminar, Scientific Research Center, Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts. pp. 40–41. Retrieved 27 November 2012. "But the world has changed somewhat since 1430 including that the Sovereign of the Order of the Golden Fleece is not a reigning monarch: Archduke Karl of Austria....Nevertheless, only briefly in Der österreichische Orden vom Goldenen Vlies. Geschichte und Probleme (1971) did Annemarie Weber characterize its nature as an entity with an Austria-recognized international legal personality, its existence dependent upon its recognition in international politics.
- ↑ "Rey y Cabieses, Amadeo-Martín – La descendencia de José Bonaparte, rey de España y de las Indias, slide 22".
- ↑ Order of the Three Golden Fleeces, by France Phaleristique. 2011.
- ↑ Imperial Order Of The Three Golden Fleeces, by Medalbook. 2022
- ↑ Louis-Gabriel Michaud, Ancient and modern universal biography: History, in alphabetical order, of the public and private life of all the men who have distinguished themselves by their writings, their actions, their talents, their virtues or their crimes., t. 1,1843.
- ↑ Order of the Three Golden Fleeces, Time Flies Antiques. 2019.
- ↑ Imperial and Royal Decree n. 239-2O22, O2 December 2O22.
- ↑ "Imperial and Royal Household communiqué", 26 January 2023.
- ↑ Satow, Ernest Mason; A Guide to Diplomatic Practice, p. 249.